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On this day in history, April 24

The U.S. Library of Congress was established, the first human being died during a mission to space, and several U.S. soldiers died during an attempted rescue of 52 American hostages in Iran.
1184 BC – Traditional date of the fall of Troy.

1558 – Mary, Queen of Scots, marries the Dauphin of FranceFrançois, at Notre Dame de Paris.

1704 – The first regular newspaper in British Colonial America, the News-Letter, is published in BostonMassachusetts.

1800 – The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 USD to purchase "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress".

1877 – Russo-Turkish WarRussian Empire declares war on Ottoman Empire.

1885 – American sharpshooter Annie Oakley was hired by Nate Salsbury to be a part of Buffalo Bill's Wild West.

1913 – The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York City is opened.

1926 – The Treaty of Berlin is signed. Germany and the Soviet Union each pledge neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party for the next five years.

1933 – Nazi Germany begins its persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses by shutting down the Watch Tower Society office in Magdeburg.

1953 – Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

1957 – Suez Crisis: The Suez Canal is reopened following the introduction of UNEF peacekeepers to the region.

1967 – Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov dies in Soyuz 1 when its parachute fails to open. He is the first human to die during a space mission.

1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had "gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily."

1970 – The first Chinese satelliteDong Fang Hong I, is launched.

1971 – Soyuz 10 docks with Salyut 1.

1980 – Eight U.S. servicemen die in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempt to end the Iran hostage crisis.

1990 – STS-31: The Hubble Space Telescope is launched from the Space Shuttle Discovery.

1993 – An IRA bomb devastates the Bishopsgate area of London.

1996 – In the United States, the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is introduced.

2004 – The United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.

2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.

2005 – Snuppy, the world's first cloned dog, is born in South Korea.
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